Palletized freight loading and unloading options to and from a truck or trailer


Most dry commodities are transported on pallets in weather-protected curtains or hard side trucks and trailers. Loading and unloading a truck can be done in a variety of ways.

For manual handling, break down the freight by hand and carry it off the truck, or load it onto pallets on the truck. Because personnel will be picking up potentially heavy boxes and dealing with ramps or tail-lifts or jumping on and off the truck, there may be an increased danger of accidents and injuries. In these situations, manual handling training is essential to limit the risk of injury.

In smaller vehicles, manual handling is possible, but doing so on a semitrailer would take a long time unless there are a lot of workers.

Pallet jack: the cheapest piece of equipment for moving pallets is a manual pallet jack. Insert the prongs into the pallet and push the handle to lift it a few centimeters off the deck. Manual pallet jacks must be handled with caution, as a heavy pallet on a slope (even just the road’s camber) can start to run away from the operator. People have been crushed by moving loads, even though some can lift 2000kg.

Powered pallet jack: Powered pallet jacks work in the same way as manual pallet jacks, but with the addition of a tiny electric motor for greater load management.

The next step up from a motorized pallet jack is a walkie stacker/jiffy. They can raise to the height of a truck deck in many cases. They normally come in one of two styles: walk-behind or with a rear ride-on platform. They’re a lot heavier than a pallet jack, requiring special training to operate.

A forklift is a ride-on that is the next step up from a walkie stacker. Because of the inherent dangers, operators must have received training (thousands of people are injured a year in forklift accidents, and several are killed).

If a forklift isn’t available, a front-end loader with forks attachments can be used to remove pallets from a flat deck truck/trailer or a curtain sider with the curtains pulled back. Operators of front-end loaders must have the necessary certifications.

A knuckle boom truck loader crane with forks attached can also take loads from a flat deck or an open curtain sider. Operators of truck loader cranes must have the necessary certifications.

A telehandler resembles a cross between a fixed jib crane and a front-end loader. They can easily remove pallets off the back of a truck with a forks attachment, just like a front-end loader.

What is a truck’s automatic manual transmission (AMT)?

Automated manual transmissions are widely used and can be found on various vehicles. Volvo I-Shift, Eaton AutoShift, Renault Optidriver, Mercedes-Benz PowerShift, and UD Trucks ESCOT are among them. They are not the same as torque converter-equipped ‘automatic’ gearboxes; they are a modified manual gearbox with electronics controlling the shift rather than the driver.

Automated manual gearboxes can deliver faultless shifts at the correct rev range every time, improving fuel economy, lowering driver fatigue, minimizing vehicle wear and tear, and increasing driver satisfaction.

Instead of the driver using the gear stick and clutch pedal, all AMT gearboxes use computer-controlled actuators (electric motors, air cylinders, or both) to control the selection rods, range/split selectors, and clutch application.

The computer calculates which gear is required based on the load on the engine, the road speed, and the engine revs. It engages the clutch and matches the revs to produce a smooth gear shift in a short period, resulting in rapid and soft growth.

Overriding the AMT is possible, although it usually results in poor fuel economy. You may be doing this to keep the truck in low gear. In most circumstances, though, it’s preferable to keep it in A or Auto and let the computer handle the rest.

Some early AMT boxes still require a clutch pedal to get the vehicle rolling, such as at traffic lights, but once moving, the clutch pedal is no longer necessary – the AMT takes over.

Even if a clutch pedal isn’t visible in the cab, a clutch assembly identical to a manual transmission will be present, but electronics will operate it.

Because most automated manual transmissions use some air pressure to move gears, they must not be left in the bag when shut off. You may not be able to start the vehicle if it has an air leak because it will be in gear, and there will be no air to move it out of the bag. Manually filling the air tanks necessitates a pricey callout.

The computer system will receive the optimal programming for optimum fuel economy if it is serviced properly. Clutch adjustments must also be made at regular intervals to avoid slipping.



In the trucking industry, what are the most common trailer types?


With so many different trailers on the road nowadays, it can be difficult to tell what each one is for and which one is ideal for your freight.

We’ve been in the trailer business since 1955, and we’ve helped customers choose the right one for them. Several trailers you see on the road today were developed in collaboration with top trailer manufacturers.

We’ll look at some of the most common trailers used in the trucking sector in the United States and how they’re used in this post. This will assist you in determining which trailer type is best for your needs.


The following are the most frequent trailer types used to transport freight in the trucking industry:

  • Trailers for Dry Vans
  • Trailers with a Standard Flatbed
  • Trailers with Refrigeration (Reefers)
  • Trailers with a Drop-Deck or Step-Deck
  • Lowboy/Double Drop Trailers
  • Trailers for Hotshots
  • Conestoga Trailers is a company that makes trailers.
  • Drop-Deck Trailers with Extendable Decks
  • RGN Trailers is a company that makes trailers.
  • RGN Trailers with Extensions

Trailers for Dry Vans

Dry van trailers are best transported by palletized, packaged, and loose cargo. The dry van trailer is the most prevalent type on the road today, with an average length of 53 feet.

Trailers with a Standard Flatbed

The conventional flatbed trailer and the dry van are very frequent types of trailers. Although they are available in various sizes (24, 40, 45, 48, and 53 feet), the 48-foot flatbed trailer is the most common.

Trailers with Refrigeration (Reefers)

Refrigerated trailers (commonly known as reefers) were created to transport any freight required temperature control. They are the only type of trailer that can transport perishable goods due to their temperature control and insulated walls. These trailers are widely used to transport items such as produce, medications, and ice cream.

Trailers with a Drop-Deck or Step-Deck

When the height of a load is a concern, drop-deck or step-deck trailers are sometimes utilized as an alternative to flatbed trailers. The convenience of a flatbed combined with the extra height capacity of a drop-deck trailer makes it a popular mode of transportation.

Lowboy/Double Drop Trailers

The lowboy, low bed, or float trailer, sometimes known as a double drop trailer, is substantially closer to the ground than any other trailer style. Their closeness to the environment is due to two drops, one behind the gooseneck and the other before the back wheels. As a result, double-drop trucks may transport towering apparatus.

Trailers for Hot Shots

These trailers have grown in popularity among carriers all over the world. Hotshot trailers are low-lying flatbed trailers that can be towed by pickup vehicles in the classes 3-6 range. As a result, carriers who use hotshot trailers do not require a typical semi-tractor because they may be driven by a specialized pickup truck. This eliminates many of the hurdles to entry in the trucking industry.

Conestoga Trailers is a company that makes trailers.

Conestoga trailers are a specialty trailer type designed to provide greater protection from the elements while in transit.

Conestoga trailers, typically 53 feet long and coming in step-deck, double-drop, and flatbed variations, are a wonderful option for numerous open-deck trailers.

Drop-Deck Trailers with Extendable Decks

These trailers are used to transport extremely lengthy loads. The center section of these trailers can be extended from its initial length of 38 feet to a maximum height of 65 feet. This makes them ideal for transporting cargo that exceeds the legal length limits of standard trailers.

Gooseneck Trailers That Can Be Removed (RGN)

The RGN series of trailers is another popular type. These trailers, which are available in various sizes, can be utilized in many of the same ways as regular trailers. RGNs are worth considering in an industry where shippers have many options to choose from.

RGN that can be extended

When well-space is a concern, the extensible RGN can help. The expanding RGN, like the expandable double drop trailer, is designed for extra-long freight.

These specialty trailers have the potential to expand well up to 50 feet in length, providing adequate capacity to move huge equipment, commodities, and oversized freight.

Which Freight Trailer Is Right For You?

Hopefully, you now know the many trailer kinds and what they’re used for it. Now is the time to analyze these options and decide which one best suits your freight’s needs.

A reefer trailer is the best choice if you need to transport perishable food and beverages. Consider a dry van if you have pallet-based goods. When making this option, it’s usually wise to keep capacity, budget, and haul length in mind.

Please get in touch with us if you have any concerns or want to learn more about how ATS can assist you in making these kinds of decisions. We are always available to assist you in whatever way you require.

Types of trucks and trailers, as well as the cargo they transport


Trucks can be rigid in combination (short, medium, or long) and prime movers (tractor units) in short- or multi-combination. Check out this article if you’re seeking a job driving a truck. They transport the following loads and trailers:

Automotive haulage is the process of transporting autos on a car transporter. This type of trailer requires specialized knowledge to load and operate. You might be requested to help with the automobile valeting on the other end.

A rollback tow truck moves cars that have broken down due to a defective engine or gearbox, a flat tire, a fuel shortage, or have been in a car accident. A tow truck driver will normally carry a car with a powertrain problem to the best local repair shop for the job. If your transmission dies on the highway, for example, the rollback driver may take your vehicle to a nearby shop to be replaced with a fully rebuilt transmission. Rollback tow trucks are also the best for any car that has broken down because of the ramp structure and ability to pull the stalled automobile onto it at nearly a 45-degree angle with the help of a heavy-duty winch. Overall, the rollback tow truck has been one of the most significant innovations in the growth of the tow truck industry.

Small boats can typically be hauled with a small truck or even a car. Still, larger boats require specialized low trailers (“lowboys”) and, if they are oversized, may need pilot vehicles and a transportation strategy to avoid low bridges. Lowboy trailers provide additional cargo height.

Dry goods are conveyed in a box body or curtain-sider small or medium rigid truck, a container truck, or an articulated curtainsider semitrailer.

A flat-bed truck can transport other vehicles or big bulky things such as concrete pipes and water tanks. Specialized flat-bed trailers are employed for forestry, and some flat-bed trailers tilt so that cars may load from the back.

Some flat-bed trailers are designed for specific tasks, such as transporting extremely large goods and large machinery like cranes and mining equipment.

Furniture: These are box vans with an additional section over the cab, also known as Luton peak bodies. There are numerous anchor places for fastening down the furniture in the interior of these vehicles, and large and articulated furniture trucks are available.

Trucks that transport live animals such as sheep and cattle are livestock trucks.


Refrigerated containers and trucks, also known as reefers, transport frozen, refrigerated, or temperature-sensitive goods. Semitrailers, b-trains, and box trucks are all examples of joints available in both hard-side and curtain-side configurations.

Tow trucks, cement mixers, cranes, mining trucks, airport trucks, road maintenance vehicles, and specialty trucks.

Tankers transport liquids such as milk, gasoline, chemicals, and dry, free-flowing bulk goods like sugar, flour, and cement. Depending on the things you transport, you may need special certifications (for example, hazardous commodities).

Tipper trucks, often known as dump trailers, transport building materials such as stones and sand. Depending on their configuration, they can topple backward or sideways, and Tipper trailers are available for combination trucks and trailers.

There are distinctions in addition to the specific types of trailers:

  • A semitrailer has one axle group towards the back and a front attachment to a prime mover.
  • A B-double trailer (also known as a B-train) is the first trailer of a B-double combination. It has one group of axles at the back with a connection for the following trailer above them and an attachment for the prime mover at the front.
  • A pig trailer has one set of axles in the center of the cargo, which is drawn by a drawbar.
  • A dog trailer has one steering axle or group in the front and one non-steering axle or group in the back. An A-frame drawbar is used to create it.

Modifications to standard trucks may be necessary to allow them to carry specific loads, such as trucks carrying enormous panes of glass on the side.