Types of trucks and trailers, as well as the cargo they transport


Trucks can be rigid in combination (short, medium, or long) and prime movers (tractor units) in short- or multi-combination. Check out this article if you’re seeking a job driving a truck. They transport the following loads and trailers:

Automotive haulage is the process of transporting autos on a car transporter. This type of trailer requires specialized knowledge to load and operate. You might be requested to help with the automobile valeting on the other end.

A rollback tow truck moves cars that have broken down due to a defective engine or gearbox, a flat tire, a fuel shortage, or have been in a car accident. A tow truck driver will normally carry a car with a powertrain problem to the best local repair shop for the job. If your transmission dies on the highway, for example, the rollback driver may take your vehicle to a nearby shop to be replaced with a fully rebuilt transmission. Rollback tow trucks are also the best for any car that has broken down because of the ramp structure and ability to pull the stalled automobile onto it at nearly a 45-degree angle with the help of a heavy-duty winch. Overall, the rollback tow truck has been one of the most significant innovations in the growth of the tow truck industry.

Small boats can typically be hauled with a small truck or even a car. Still, larger boats require specialized low trailers (“lowboys”) and, if they are oversized, may need pilot vehicles and a transportation strategy to avoid low bridges. Lowboy trailers provide additional cargo height.

Dry goods are conveyed in a box body or curtain-sider small or medium rigid truck, a container truck, or an articulated curtainsider semitrailer.

A flat-bed truck can transport other vehicles or big bulky things such as concrete pipes and water tanks. Specialized flat-bed trailers are employed for forestry, and some flat-bed trailers tilt so that cars may load from the back.

Some flat-bed trailers are designed for specific tasks, such as transporting extremely large goods and large machinery like cranes and mining equipment.

Furniture: These are box vans with an additional section over the cab, also known as Luton peak bodies. There are numerous anchor places for fastening down the furniture in the interior of these vehicles, and large and articulated furniture trucks are available.

Trucks that transport live animals such as sheep and cattle are livestock trucks.


Refrigerated containers and trucks, also known as reefers, transport frozen, refrigerated, or temperature-sensitive goods. Semitrailers, b-trains, and box trucks are all examples of joints available in both hard-side and curtain-side configurations.

Tow trucks, cement mixers, cranes, mining trucks, airport trucks, road maintenance vehicles, and specialty trucks.

Tankers transport liquids such as milk, gasoline, chemicals, and dry, free-flowing bulk goods like sugar, flour, and cement. Depending on the things you transport, you may need special certifications (for example, hazardous commodities).

Tipper trucks, often known as dump trailers, transport building materials such as stones and sand. Depending on their configuration, they can topple backward or sideways, and Tipper trailers are available for combination trucks and trailers.

There are distinctions in addition to the specific types of trailers:

  • A semitrailer has one axle group towards the back and a front attachment to a prime mover.
  • A B-double trailer (also known as a B-train) is the first trailer of a B-double combination. It has one group of axles at the back with a connection for the following trailer above them and an attachment for the prime mover at the front.
  • A pig trailer has one set of axles in the center of the cargo, which is drawn by a drawbar.
  • A dog trailer has one steering axle or group in the front and one non-steering axle or group in the back. An A-frame drawbar is used to create it.

Modifications to standard trucks may be necessary to allow them to carry specific loads, such as trucks carrying enormous panes of glass on the side.